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This journal publishes the best in primary research on the science of geophysics as it applies to exploration.
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Large‐scale 3D inversion of potential field data

Tue Feb 07, 2012 6:42 pm

Geophysical Prospecting: Large‐scale 3D inversion of potential field data

Inversion of gravity and/or magnetic data attempts to recover the density and/or magnetic susceptibility distribution in a 3D earth model for subsequent geological interpretation. This is a challenging problem for a number of reasons. First, airborne gravity and magnetic surveys are characterized by very large data volumes. Second, the 3D modelling of data from large‐scale surveys is a computationally challenging problem. Third, gravity and magnetic data are finite and noisy and their inversion is ill posed so regularization must be introduced for the recovery of the most geologically plausible solutions from an infinite number of mathematically equivalent solutions. These difficulties and how they can be addressed in terms of large‐scale 3D potential field inversion are discussed in this paper. Since potential fields are linear, they lend themselves to full parallelization with near‐linear scaling on modern parallel computers. Moreover, we exploit the fact that an instrument’s sensitivity (or footprint) is considerably smaller than the survey area. As multiple footprints superimpose themselves over the same 3D earth model, the sensitivity matrix for the entire earth model is constructed. We use the re‐weighted regularized conjugate gradient method for minimizing the objective functional and incorporate a wide variety of regularization options. We demonstrate our approach with the 3D inversion of 1743 line km of FALCON gravity gradiometry and magnetic data acquired over the Timmins district in Ontario, Canada. Our results are shown to be in good agreement with independent interpretations of the same data.

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Re: Large‐scale 3D inversion of potential field data

Tue Apr 16, 2013 11:47 am

In order to avoid the problem re‐weighted regularized conjugate gradient method for minimizing the objective functional and incorporate a wide variety of regularization options and the usage of magnetometer and GPS will be applicable. check out http://www.gemsys.ca/ for more details and to check geo-products.
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