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Coherent and random noise attenuation via... 
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Joined: Fri Mar 11, 2011 9:00 pm
Posts: 238
Post Coherent and random noise attenuation via...
Geophysical Prospecting: Coherent and random noise attenuation via multichannel singular spectrum analysis in the randomized domain

The attenuation of coherent and random noise still poses technical challenges in seismic data processing, especially in onshore environments. Multichannel Singular Spectrum Analysis (MSSA) is an existing and effective technique for random‐noise reduction. By incorporating a randomizing operator into MSSA, this modification creates a new and powerful filtering method that can attenuate both coherent and random noise simultaneously. The key of the randomizing operator exploits the fact that primary events after NMO are relatively horizontal. The randomizing operator randomly rearranges the order of input data and reorganizes coherent noise into incoherent noise but has a minimal effect on nearly horizontal primary reflections. The randomizing process enables MSSA to suppress both coherent and random noise simultaneously. This new filter, MSSARD (MSSA in the randomized domain) also resembles a combination of eigenimage and Cadzow filters. I start with a synthetic data set to illustrate the basic concept and apply MSSARD filtering on a 3D cross‐spread data set that was severely contaminated with ground roll and scattered noise. MSSARD filtering gives superior results when compared with a conventional 3D f‐k filter. For a random‐noise example, the application of MSSARD filtering on time‐migrated offset‐vector‐tile (OVT) gathers also produces images with higher signal‐to‐noise ratios than a conventional f‐xy deconvolution filter.

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Fri Jul 20, 2012 4:55 am
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